Category Archives: Addiction

A new pathway: Researchers identify potential treatment target for Crohn's disease

There is no cure for the more than 1.6 million people in the United States living with Crohn’s disease (CD) and its symptoms, including abdominal pain, intestinal distress and severe weight-loss. CD is a form of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)

Different gammaherpesviruses suppress largely overlapping host cellular pathways

The discovery of thousands of host mRNAs targeted by gammaherpesvirus microRNAs (miRNAs) could shed light on the biology of gammaherpesviruses and how these pathogens establish lifelong infections, according to a study published August 8 in the open-access journal PLOS Pathogens

Study finds specific microbiome tied to long-term survival of patients with pancreatic cancer

A key difference between the few pancreatic cancer patients who survive long-term and the many whose disease overcomes all treatments is the bacterial signatures on their tumors that either stimulate or suppress immune response, a team led by researchers from

Positive effect of music and dance on dementia proven in study

Stereotypically viewed as passive and immobile, a University of Otago pilot study has shown the powerful influence music and dance can have on older adults with dementia. Researchers from the Department of Dance and Department of Psychological Medicine used familiar,

Balance of 'stop' and 'go' signaling could be key to cancer immunotherapy response

A crucial signaling pathway that can tell the immune system to fight off cancer can also be co-opted by cancer cells to put the brakes on the immune system, according to a new study from researchers in the Abramson Cancer

The world's smallest stent

Researchers at ETH Zurich have developed a new method for producing malleable microstructures—for instance, vascular stents that are 40 times smaller than previously possible. In the future, such stents could be used to help to widen life-threatening constrictions of the

Researchers discover why intense light can protect cardiovascular health

Researchers at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus have found that intense light amplifies a specific gene that bolsters blood vessels and offers protection against heart attacks. “We already knew that intense light can protect against heart attacks, but

Fluoride may diminish kidney and liver function in adolescents, study suggests

Fluoride exposure may lead to a reduction in kidney and liver function among adolescents, according to a study published by Mount Sinai researchers in Environment International in August. The study examined the relationship between fluoride levels in drinking water and

Increased CMS reimbursements for new antibiotics represents progress in attention to AMR

The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services Inpatient Prospective Payment System rule for the coming fiscal year will raise reimbursements for novel antibiotics, a meaningful step in confronting the threat of infections resistant to older medicines. At the same time,

Forgotten immune cells protective in mouse model of multiple sclerosis

A seldom-studied class of immune cells may reduce the friendly fire that drives autoimmune disease, according to a new study by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine. Stimulating these protective cells could lead to new therapies for diseases

Good heart health at age 50 linked to lower dementia risk later in life

Good cardiovascular health at age 50 is associated with a lower risk of dementia later in life, finds a study of British adults published by The BMJ today. The researchers say their findings support public health policies to improve cardiovascular

Blood pressure recording over 24 hours is the best predictor of heart and vascular disease

High blood pressure is the most important treatable risk factor for diseases of the heart and the arterial system. Blood pressure recorded over 24 hours predicts these complications more accurately than blood pressure measured on a single occasion. That is

Knocking out cystic fibrosis: CRISPR-Cas may treat the genetic cause

The fight against cystic fibrosis, a genetic disease for which no cure is currently available, continues, targeting in particular some of the mutations that cause it. In a new study, a research team of the Cibio Department of the University

Virtual treasure hunt shows brain maps time sequence of memories

People have little difficulty remembering the chronology of events, determining how much time passed between two events, and which one occurred first. Apparently, memories of events in the brain are linked when they occur closely together. Using an experiment that

Researchers identify key proteins for the repair of nerve fibers

Scientists at the German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (DZNE) have identified a group of proteins that help to regenerate damaged nerve cells. Their findings are reported in the journal Neuron. It is commonly accepted that neurons of the central nervous

New study sheds light on novel exercise treatment for common form of cardiovascular disease

Weight training—also called resistance training—can help people with peripheral artery disease reduce painful symptoms like muscle cramps during walking, a study by UNSW medical researchers recently published in the British Journal of Sports Medicine has shown. In people with peripheral

Gene mutation combo linked to common cancer in women

Michigan State University researchers, in collaboration with the Van Andel Institute, have identified a combination of two gene mutations that is linked to endometrial cancer. “More than 63,000 women are likely to be diagnosed with endometrial cancer this year, making

Persistent inflammation in sepsis survivors linked to higher mortality rates

One out of four sepsis patients who survive their hospital stay have elevated levels of inflammation a year after discharge, and they are at higher risk for major health problems and death, according to a study led by physician-scientists at

How to recognize a heart attack: It's not like on TV

What kind of person do you imagine having a heart attack? Is it a middle-aged white businessman clutching his chest? Someone like the Roger Sterling character from the popular television series Mad Men, who had two heart attacks in season

Vulnerable preemie babies often behind on vaccines

Preemies often lag behind full-term babies in getting routine vaccinations—and the difference remains at age 3, a new study finds. Misguided parental “hesitancy” over the safety of vaccines for preemies might be to blame, researchers said. The study found that

Blood clotting proteins in urine discovered as biomarkers of lupus nephritis

University of Houston researcher Chandra Mohan is reporting in Arthritis Research and Therapy that clotting proteins, both those that promote blood clots (pro-thrombotic) and those that work to dissipate them (thrombolytic), are elevated in the urine of patients who suffer

New data indicate rise in opioid use for migraine treatment

An increasing number of Americans are using opioids to treat their migraine headaches, despite the fact that opioids are not the recommended first-line therapy for migraine in most cases. That’s according to the ObserVational Survey of the Epidemiology, tReatment and

Researchers say pioneering emergency eye care trial leads to quicker treatment times

A trial virtual emergency consultation programme for eye patients has led to quicker treatment times and removed the need for follow up hospital appointments in more than half of cases, according to researchers. The tele-ophthalmology system, developed by the University

Psychiatric comorbidity contributes to increased mortality in ADHD

Psychiatric comorbidity may play an important role in the increased risk of premature death in people with ADHD (attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder), according to a new extensive registry study conducted at Karolinska Institutet and Örebro University in Sweden. The results, which are